Gdańsk lying on the Baltic coast, is one of the oldest cities in Poland. It is believed that the city History of Gdansk was founded in the tenth century by the Polish Prince Mieszko I of the famous Piast dynasty. What is more, traces of early medieval settlement were discovered on the top of archeological remains of the Roman settlement of Iron Age. The city was part of the Piast state until 1308 when it was seized by the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. In the 15th century the city became again an important part of Poland, as a naval city and harbor, used mainly to trade in grain, grown in Poland.
The city was taken over by Prussia during the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, and subsequently lost its significance as a trading port and city. The Free City of Gdańsk was created after the First World War as a city-state under the supervision of the League of Nations. Next, after World War II, in 1945, the completely destroyed city returned to its home country. Gradually the city arose from the rubble of war. Among the many achievements of that time, mention may be vast shipyards, which next in the 1980s, became the center of Solidarity strikes which eventually led to the fall of communism in Poland and other countries.
Today Gdańsk is an important point on the tourist map of the world. Most tourist attractions are located around the Long Street (in Polish, Długa Ulica) and the Long Market (in Polish, Długi Targ), a pedestrian space surrounded by buildings cerefully reconstructed in the pertinent historical style (mainly of the 17th century) and flanked at both ends by elaborate city gates. This part of the city is often referred to as the Royal Road, since it was once a path of processions for visiting kings. One of the greatest treasures of the Baltic sea has long been amber (in Polish, bursztyn), which is one of the famous symbols of the city, which, due to its uniqueness, is also called the amber capital of the world.
Gdańsk has an international airport named after Lech Wałęsa. The Fast Urban Railway SKM (in Polish, Szybka Kolej Miejska) functions as a Metro system for the area of the Tricity (in Polish, Trójmiasto, including Gdańsk, Sopot, and Gdynia. The Pomeranian Metropolitan Railway PKM (in Polish, Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna), connects the Lech Walesa Airport of Gdansk with a railway station in Wrzeszcz district and, via the SKM or PKP, to the downtown Gdańsk.
Other useful tourist links: Gdansk Transportation System, ZTM and Shipping Gdansk - excursionsin (in Polish Żegluga Gdańska), European Solidarity Center (in Polish, Europejskie Centrum Solidarności) .